Category Archives: Fitness

Trail Running Safety Tips

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Trail running is exciting and challenging. The terrain can get rough. The weather can suddenly go bad. Accidents happen. You can get injured. How do you keep yourself safe on the trails?

Do not go alone.

It’s your first time to go to a new trail. You’re not familiar with this trail, but you’re feeling a bit adventurous and would love to hike or run along this new territory. Before you get too excited, know that people have been lost in the wilderness running alone. Rescue teams had to look for them. You don’t want this to happen to you. So go with someone who knows the trail. Even if you have a map and a compass, it pays to have someone who knows how to get you off the trail and back to the road in case something unexpected and untoward happens.

Inform a friend or your mom where you’re heading to.

If you must go alone, at least tell someone you know where you’re going. It’s not like you’re getting yourself lost in the woods anyway, but at least having someone who knows where you’re doing some recreational run offers some level of safety. That way, someone can check on you in case you’re late for dinner.

Consider your experience.

Beginners should never try challenging and jagged trails. Difficult trails put more strain on the muscles. If you are inexperienced, you probably are not fit enough for such physically demanding runs and hikes. Difficult trails put you at risk of injuries.

Pack food and water.

Hikers and runners spend the entire morning, the entire afternoon, and sometimes the entire day on the trails. Sometimes you plan for just one-hour run, but you may find yourself staying at certain areas longer, perhaps to enjoy the scene, take pictures, and rest. You can’t go wrong with packed food, particularly ready-eat food. Water is indispensable. You easily lose water when running, especially on a hot day, and you are at risk of dehydration.

Check the weather bulletin.

You don’t want to run in the rain. That’s dangerous too, especially on certain trails. Thus, checking the weather before you head to the trail is important. If you’re running on a mountain trail, take note that the weather changes suddenly. Mountain tops and elevated terrains are areas where storms can brew in a few hours. Be prepared for such nasty shifts in the weather.

Bring your phone.

Emergencies can happen. You might sprain an ankle. You might get lost and be unable find your way back. The next thing you don’t want to happen is to be caught in any of these difficult situations in the middle of nowhere without a phone.

Wear sturdy running shoes.

A pair of tough sneakers, those designed for good traction on uneven surfaces, is what you need. The right footwear for running can lower risk of slipping and falling and resulting injuries. Also, it feels more comfortable and lessens impact on your heels.

Treadmill vs. Elliptical: Which is Better for Fat Loss?

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treadmill vs ellipticalsTreadmills and ellipticals are two common cardio machines used by fitness enthusiasts. They train your cardiovascular endurance and in the process make you burn calories, fat included. However, it’s hard to pick one machine that’s better than the other because one is going to be better than the other under certain, but not all, circumstances. And after looking over some elliptical reviews on this site, I wanted to make sure this was the right machine for me since the two are so different. I think that it’s important that you know these differences.

Why treadmill?

The treadmill is the easiest machine to use. It’s a frill-free affair on a treadmill. The machine allows you to walk, jog, or run. It’s very easy to use and is thus user-friendly, great for beginners. Gym equipment makers have been coming up with various fitness, but nothing has been simpler than the treadmill. Unless your gripping the handles, you are basically using your body weight. You can also control your pace. So its potential for allowing you to burn more calories is there.

Why not the treadmill?

The biggest downside of a treadmill has to do with how you use it. Technically, it’s a jogging or running machine. You run on it, and running puts a lot of impact on the joints, particularly the ankles, knees, and hips. Thus, you have to warm up properly. Start slow. Build up. Take your time before you do high intensity cardio exercises.

Why elliptical?

The elliptical machine isn’t as hard on your joints as the treadmill is. You can do the same running motions on it. Many ellipticals have movable handles that allow you to move both your upper and lower body, giving more calorie burn. The reverse stride mechanism in most ellipticals recruits more muscles than what classic running recruits.

Why not the elliptical?

Unless you have arthritis or you are recovering from a sprain, then the elliptical may be good as a second option. It’s hard to move to advanced versions of the exercise because the machine doesn’t offer that opportunity. Also, the machine may be troublesome for beginners who haven’t developed coordination yet. Another important thing to mention is that the elliptical machine, with its suspended pedals, does little to strengthen your bones and muscles.

Which is better for fat loss?

The truth is there is no significant difference. Jogging on treadmill makes you burn roughly around 700-850 calories an hour. One hour on the elliptical can make you burn an average of 770 calories an hour. The differences are not that much. It eventually boils down to how you use the machine and how advanced you are in your cardio training.

The secret to maximizing your fat loss on either machines is intensity. It doesn’t matter what machine you use, if you’re not working hard enough, you will not get results. Do high intensity sprints on a treadmill. You can also employ high intensity interval training. On the elliptical machine, utilize the upper body to recruit more muscles.

The most important thing you have to remember about fat loss is it’s largely a function of diet. You don’t lose weight via exercise alone.

Best Gym Machines for Weight Loss

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cardio machines for weight loss
When you enter a gym, you will find a wide selection of machines, some for weight lifters, others for fitness enthusiasts. If you want to lose weight, you would be spending most of your time on machines like treadmills or ellipticals. But what exactly are the best weight loss machines?


Treadmills are popular among people who want to lose weight. If you go to a gym, particularly a big one with a whole range of equipment, you’ll find many people sweating over a treadmill. It’s probably the most popular cardio machine for people who want to run or jog but couldn’t do so outdoors. How much you burn on a treadmill depends on your pace and how long your workout is. It’s not good for everyone though. People with arthritis and leg or ankle injuries may have to forgo the treadmill.

Stationary Bike

One of the best things about stationary or recumbent bikes is they are good for people with minor ankle injuries. Cycling isn’t as hard on the joints as running is (yeah, even running on a treadmill). The downside of cycling is it basically frees your arms, allowing you to check your smartphone or read a magazine. You slack off on your exercise and you won’t get optimum fat burn.


Running is a great fat burning exercise, but it’s not an option if you’re on recovering joints. The solution: elliptical trainers. The machine allows you to mimic running movements without giving as much impact on your joints. It’s great for people with arthritis as well as for anyone, especially non-runners who are starting a fitness regimen. Don’t let the calorie burn counter fool you. Start slow on your first few weeks. Then work out hard as you progress for maximum burns.

Stair Stepper

If you have no access to stairs, but stair climbing is one of your favorite fat burning pastimes, then something like a stair stepper machine is what you need. This machine is like a cardio and bodyweight machine combined. Beginners may find it difficult to use at first, and people with knee injuries may opt for another machine. For healthy individuals, it’s a great weight loss machine. Just like ellipticals and treadmills, stair steppers have handles that lure people into gripping them most of the time, making the exercise inefficient.

Rowing Machine

You probably haven’t heard of or seen a rowing machine. It’s not as popular as treadmills or ellipticals in gyms and fitness centers. But if you see one, try it. It’s possibly the most underrated fitness machine. One reason for that is people don’t know how to use it. Another is that people just find it intimidating. The rowing machine gives you full control of your workout. You’re in control of your tempo and intensity. Some people use it as a resistance machine for strength gains. Many people prefer it as a cardio machine though. Either way, it burns fat and trains you for cardiovascular fitness.

What to Look for When Buying a Used Rowing Machine

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You don’t have to buy a new rowing machine if you want to lose weight or build strength. A used machine may just be as good as a new one, but there are a few things to check before making that purchase. You’re probably on a budget. Nevertheless, to make sure you don’t spend much money having the equipment repaired, consider checking the following parts.

1. Seat

Check that the seat is comfortable. Does it stay in place? Is it worn? It should be able to support your butt and of course your whole upper body. It should stay in place during your whole exercise. Some used rowing machines can have worn seats that are uncomfortable to sit on. Such defects should be fixed because they will affect your workout performance.

2. Handle

The handle is another part that easily shows sign of deterioration. In used machines, this may have worn rubber grip, which causes discomfort. Any part of the machine that gives you discomfort can affect your performance. You can replace the worn part at a low cost though. However, aside from aesthetic defects, the handle can become faulty after a long time of repeated use. This is why you have to try the used machine before buying it to make sure the handle and the cord attached to it are working properly. A faulty handle may not provide optimum resistance, jeopardizing your workout.

3. Slide

Old rowing machines can also have jerky slides. That’s another thing to check. When you’re rowing, the slide allows your seat to move smoothly along the length of the machine. You wouldn’t be able to work out properly and get the full benefit of the machine if the slide isn’t working properly. If something gets snagged and the slide stops halfway before reaching the end, it’s workout fiasco.

4. Wheel

If you’re rowing as part of your strength training routine, pay attention to a rowing machine’s wheel. The wheel is part of the mechanism of the machine that provides resistance. Resistance is what you need to hit your muscles hard. This may not be much of a concern for cardio enthusiasts, as they can use the equipment basically as an endurance training tool. But if you want to build muscle, check the wheel if it’s working properly.

5. Footplate

Footplates should be sturdy in place to keep the feet stable. If you can move the footplates, you may need to have them repaired.

Additional Tips

Consider the size of the machine.

Rowing machines are big and bulky. They require huge storage space. If you have limited space at home, consider looking for versions that can be folded in half.

Consider the type of resistance.

Rowing machines have different types of resistance. Some employ hydraulic resistance. Others have water. Others utilize magnetism. Water resistance is very effective and mimics paddling motion in water, but this type of resistance creates considerable noise. On the other hand, magnetic resistance is adjustable and is just as effective as water resistance, minus the noise.

Consider trying the machine.

This is impossible if you’re buying online. If that’s the case, then just read the description. If you’re buying at a local gym equipment shop, try the machine. See if it works smoothly and doesn’t have defects, aesthetic or mechanical.

Can a Rowing Machine Improve Your Abs?

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good absA lot has been said about the rowing machine, the popular strength and cardio machine used by men and women alike. Folks say it’s better than treadmills or ellipticals. We can go on a debate, but one of the most interesting question is whether an indoor rowing machine can improve your abs.

There are two ways to improve your abs.

One is tone the core and ab muscles. This is a function of core and ab training.

Second is to reduce the amount of fat covering the abdominal region. This is a function of both diet and cardio workout.

Where does the rowing machine fit in?

Rowing is one of the best exercises out there. It trains your entire body. It may seem as though that you’re only moving your arms and upper body. But you’re actually engaging all your large muscle groups. That’s a good thing both from a strength training and fat loss point of view. If you want an exercise that hits both your muscles and fat, then rowing should be part of your routine.

You may be discouraged to think that the rowing machine directly hits your lats, biceps, quads, and calves. It hits the abs and obliques, too, though indirectly. Don’t fret. If you’re rowing in the proper form, you got nothing to worry about.

The right form hits the abdominals hard!

That’s right. Any exercise done with the wrong form will be inefficient. When you’re rowing in the right form and using your stabilizer muscles, you’re hitting every major muscle group, including the abdominal muscles. Your core and abs are working to stabilize you while you catch and drive. In other words, you’re not only building your back, arms, thighs, and legs. You’re also building your core!

The perfect cardiovascular tool

What does cardio have to do with your abs? Well, your abs won’t show no matter how toned it is until you shed off that layer of fat that’s covering it. How does the rowing machine help you with that?

The rowing machine is essentially a cardio machine (that has strength building benefits). By cardio means it trains your cardiovascular endurance. That also means it burns fat! Anyone who wants to lose weight has to include cardio in their regimen. Cardio burns fat all over the body, including that which is covering your abdominal muscles. Rowing can burn 800 calories in an hour.

Wrapping it up, yes, a rowing machine can improve your abs.

But remember…

Practice proper form starting in the low setting.

Engage your entire body, not just the arms.

Use your core to stabilize you.

Work hard!

How to Bust Through Your Running Plateau

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Plateaus are part of life. They’re part of learning and growth. There comes a point when you just couldn’t seem to go further despite hard work. Gym buffs know this. Runners do too. What do you do when you hit that dreaded plateau?

Know it’s temporary.

Plateaus are temporary unless they are caused by an underlying medical condition. If you’re stalling on your running performance and you haven’t been seeing endurance gains for weeks, you should be looking into your training, nutrition, lifestyle, or stress levels. Eventually, you will have to snap out of that situation. Figure out what’s causing the plateau. Take it from there.

Take your time off.

Runners sometimes focus too much on their training that they barely have time for anything else. This may tire the nervous system, particularly the brain. Maybe the plateau is your brain trying to tell you it needs a break. Get out of the track and do other things for at least a week. Spend more time with family and friends. Talk about other things. Take your mind off running.

Quit overthinking.

Maybe you have unrealistic goals. Maybe you’re comparing yourself too much with other athletes. If you’re an ambitious runner, chances are you’re taking everything seriously and you get upset when you don’t meet your goals. Obsessing with your performance goals can kill your motivation eventually. It’s good to be determined, but it’s equally important to set realistic goals. Every athlete is different. Every runner will experience performance gains in their own pace. Just because you are not as fast as the other person with whom you started training doesn’t mean you should be pushing yourself harder. You’ll get to that pace eventually.

Check other aspects of your life.

Plateaus in sports or strength training may be caused by certain factors you didn’t suspect at first. One example is work-related stress or fatigue. Work is a notorious strength and endurance killer. When work takes most of your mental and physical energy, you will have little left for workouts and training. You will notice work-related or even family-related stress affects your athletic performance. Stress eats so much of your energy reserves that little is left for other activities. The same thing happens when you’re sleep-deprived. Staying up too late at night to finish reports stresses your mind and body out too. The result is you couldn’t run as fast and as long as when you’re not stressed out and when you had great sleep.

Eat like a true runner.

Good diet should complement good training. Every athlete has to train and EAT properly. Running burns A LOT of calories. You should be eating more calories than the average guy unless you’re trying to lose weight. Two-thirds of your diet should consist of carbs–your major energy source. About a fifth of what you eat should be protein, which you need for muscle repair. Remember you tear your muscle fibers when you run. Don’t forget the good fats and your micronutrients.

Benefits of Total Body Workouts

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You’ve heard of different workout schedules and programs. You’ve heard people isolating certain muscle groups, working them out on certain days and working out other muscle groups on other days. If that works for you, then by all means go on. If you can’t go to the gym every day or if you’re a complete beginner, total body workouts are what’s favorable for you.

Less Time for Workout

Many gym rats spend 2 hours in the gym working out different muscle groups when they can actually do compound exercises that hit all major muscle groups in 30-45 minutes. Many people just don’t have time for 12 exercises for different muscles. That takes forever. Working folks don’t have the luxury of time. In that case, doing full body workout two or three times a week is much more manageable.

More Free Time

Life isn’t about work and workouts. Do you leave your office at 5:30 and spend an hour or two in the gym and then get home tired? No more time for your kids? If you spend all your evenings after work in the gym, how much time do you have left for your family or for recreation? Getting fit doesn’t have to wreak havoc to your personal life. A well-balanced time is what you need, and total body workouts can give you that.

Faster CNS Recovery

All right, gym buffs talk about CNS recovery. You see, when you put stress on your muscles, say for instance, while lifting weights, the neural network between your brain and muscles are firing signals for a limited time. It does so at its expense though. After an intense workout, it’s not just the muscles that get tired. Your central nervous system gets tired too and needs to recover. This is how daily isolation exercises jeopardize CNS recovery. By working out every day, you exhaust your CNS even though you’re working out different muscles. To fix this, schedule rest days in between workouts whether you’re doing isolation or total body workouts. That would mean longer waiting times for certain muscle groups if you split upper body and lower body workouts. Hence, some people just prefer full body workouts.

Simpler Routines

One of the frequent complaints of gym goers and fitness enthusiasts, especially beginners, is the intimidating number of exercises they have to remember. So you have to remember you have to do 3 or 4 sets of cable crossovers and decline press for your chest, dumbbell raise and cable raise for your shoulders, and dumbbell rows and lat pull downs for your back. Then you have to do bicep curls and cable extensions. That’s just for your upper body!

Why do all that stuff when you can do compound exercises that hit the major muscle groups. Unless you have specific goals, compound exercises (bench press, dips, rows, pull-ups, deadlifts, and squats) are all you need to get stronger.

Less Risk of Overtraining

Total body workouts wear you out sooner than isolation exercises chiefly because you’re working out more muscle groups. Split workouts and isolation exercises trick you into doing more exercises for similar muscle groups with the risk of overtraining and straining them. That’s one thing you have to watch out for when you’re doing these muscle specific exercises.